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Life jackets, ski vests are all common names for PFD or personal flotation devices. As the name suggests, their job is to keep the wearer alive and afloat when they accidentally fall into the water or choose to participate in water sports such as skiing or wake surfing. Although the goal may be simple, the style, fit, and method of use of the life jacket will affect whether your PFD can accomplish the desired job. There are many types of PFD, so it’s important to know which type to use on the water, whether it’s in open, rough water or remote waters, or you’re just playing on the shore in a life jacket. What is the difference between Type II and Type III life jackets?
The PFD Type II (foam and inflatable) coastal buoyancy vest is suitable for calm inland waters or where there is a good opportunity for quick rescue. This type will cause some unconscious wearers to become face-up poses. The turning action is not as obvious or effective as TYPE I. The adult size provides at least 15.5 pounds of buoyancy, and the medium child size provides 11 pounds. Infant and child sizes each provide at least 7 pounds of buoyancy. Although not very fashionable, its low price and simple structure make the Type II life jacket a long-term favorite for rowers who wish to meet the safety requirements of the US Coast Guard. In short, in addition to Type I, Type II is your best chance to keep your head out of the water when you lose consciousness.
Type III PFD (Foam and Inflatable), suitable for calm, inland waters or where there is a good opportunity for quick rescue. A feature of Type III jackets is that they are designed for conscious wearers who have an imminent rescue opportunity. There is no guarantee that the Type III jacket will face up the unconscious wearer in the water. TYPE III has the same minimum buoyancy as TYPE II PFD. Floating jackets, fishing vests and vests designed for various water sports are examples. Some Type III PFDs are designed to inflate when entering water. . Provides 15.5 pounds of buoyancy as the Type II jacket. Often referred to as a "ski vest", its comfortable and fit style makes it an excellent choice for water sports and general passengers. Type III jackets usually have front entrances and buckles, or buckles and zip closures. Simply put, the swimmer's auxiliary life jacket. It means that if you are not unconscious, you can work. It is not designed to float you face up.
Once you have selected the right PFD type for your condition and/or activity, make sure it is in good condition, has no holes or tears, and is suitable. Jackets that are too large may slip off the wearer. One that is too small may not provide enough buoyancy to keep the wearer afloat.